All rabbit breeders know that for the full growth and development of the animal, just feeding and drinking it is not enough. Be sure to add all kinds of vitamin and biological supplements to the diet. Indeed, in feed contains only a small part of the necessary nutrients.
Today, many experts advise using lactic acid to treat rabbits. When taken, lactic acid has an antiseptic effect, improves metabolic processes, and prevents the development of pathogenic microflora. This is an absolutely safe and extremely effective drug, widely used not only in veterinary medicine, but also in the production of baby food, cosmetics, beer, food and drinks, etc.
What is lactic acid?
Lactic acid is a yellowish thick liquid with a light specific aroma and sour, pungent taste. In domestic conditions, it can form in sour milk, when pickling cabbage or fermenting wine. For the manufacture of the drug using acid obtained by fermentation of lactic acid bacteria, products containing sugar or lactose.
Lactic acid is available in dark glass bottles.
In veterinary medicine, 40% lactic acid is used, which can be diluted with water, alcohol, glycerin or ether. Available in dark glass or plastic bottles, from 10 ml to 1 liter. It can be used both for internal and external use. In rabbit breeding, it is the most popular antimicrobial and antiseptic drug that prevents fermentation.
Why and for what purpose
Lactic acid has an anti-fermentative, antibacterial and irritating effect, eliminates the effects of intoxication, and relaxes the sphincters of the stomach and intestines. Many beginner rabbit breeders do not know how to give rabbits this acid. It can be added to food to strengthen immunity, destroy harmful microorganisms, accelerate growth and development, increase appetite.
This acid helps to improve the sexual activity of rabbits, increases reproduction, and prevents the formation of gases in the intestines.
Bloated lactic acid
If the rabbit has a strong bloating, and the gases do not go away, then lactic acid will help here. This rather dangerous condition is accompanied by constipation or diarrhea. Foam and bloody mucus are often observed in feces.
Lactic acid is often used for bloating in rabbits.
With untimely treatment, the rabbit dies. In this case, the method of application is simple. It is enough to water the animals with a 5% lactic acid solution, at the rate of 3-4 ml per each, until all symptoms are eliminated. As a prophylaxis, such a solution is given within 3-4 days.
Many rabbit breeders recommend starting to solder rabbits with acid from the 40-45th day of life. It can be diluted in drinking water or added directly to food. It helps to get rid of helminths, coccidia and other parasites. When using, the instructions for use must be strictly observed.
Proper use in rabbit breeding
In addition to internal use, lactic acid is suitable for disinfecting cells and equipment, treating wounds, abrasions and bites. For the processing of premises, a 20% solution of lactic acid is used. After that, the room is well ventilated and only after an hour animals are placed there. Feeders and drinkers are thoroughly rinsed. Such a procedure is carried out for adults every year, as well as 10 days before the birth of young rabbits and immediately after their weaning.
With a lactic acid solution, cells in which rabbits live can be treated.
With an outbreak of infectious diseases, a 20% solution is sprayed into the rabbitry from a spray bottle. In this case, the animals do not need to be removed from the cage. In small farms, air humidifiers are used for atomization. You can also heat and evaporate the acid very strongly, and then send these fumes to the cells using a conventional fan. Immediately after the elimination of the disease, re-disinfection is carried out.
Often, lactic acid is used to process fresh rabbit meat and meat products. This allows you to reduce the number of harmful bacteria, the meat will be stored longer, and the taste of the product will not be affected.
The drug is absolutely safe and non-toxic. Lactic acid activates the stomach, eliminates the effects of acute poisoning, treats coccidiosis, gastritis and infectious diseases. But it is advisable to use it only after consulting a veterinarian. He will decide what dosage and duration of therapy is needed.
How to dilute lactic acid for oral administration? The drug is diluted with water at the rate of 4-7 ml per animal at a 2% concentration and about 4 ml at a concentration of 3%. In some cases, in severe forms of diseases, they give a 5% solution, at least 4 ml per individual.
For oral administration, a 2 or 3% solution of lactic acid is made.
This helps to cope with various problems of the stomach and intestines, it is used as a prophylactic. The course of treatment is 5 days. Not everyone knows how to water a rabbit with lactic acid. For this, a solution is poured into a separate bowl, and clean drinking water is left in the drinkers.
From flatulence, enteritis, gastritis, infections of the stomach, you can add lactic acid to the drinkers (2 tablespoons per bucket of water). As a disinfection and improve the quality of food, it is mixed in the feed (0.5 ml per kg of food). This improves the intestinal microflora, removes toxins, and allows you to build muscle. Helps the rapid absorption of roughage, improves digestion. Very often used in the treatment of trichomoniasis and enteritis.
As an external agent, lactic acid has a disinfecting, antiseptic, cauterizing and keratolytic effect. It helps well with skin ulcers, disinfects wounds, and promotes healing.
For the treatment of ulcerative lesions of the skin and mucous membrane, a solution of 10-30% concentration is used. Keratinization, growths and neoplasms are cauterized with a 25% solution of lactic acid.
A solution of lactic acid (concentration of 10-30%) is used to treat neoplasms, ulcers and growths in rabbits.
Warts, calluses can be regularly moistened with 30%. This method will soften the affected areas and accelerate healing. With dermatoses, bites and wounds, a 10% acid solution helps.
Are there any contraindications
The drug is absolutely safe and does not have a harmful effect on animals, even with eight times the maximum dosage. Lactic acid is completely absorbed and not excreted from the body. Contraindications include only the presence of wet ulcerative lesions, gastritis with high acidity and acute renal failure.
If you strictly follow the instructions, the drug does not cause side effects. You can slaughter rabbits for meat immediately after the end of treatment. The quarantine period does not need to be maintained. Lactic acid is stored for a very long time, about 10 years. Compliance with any temperature regime is not required.