Necessary tools and materials
A barn for rabbits is slightly different from a room for other animals. This is caused by forced measures to distinguish individuals from each other and their, as a rule, a considerable number. We will figure out what are the features of such a construction, and try to cope with our own hands.
Features of keeping rabbits
This is not to say that caring for these animals is overly difficult, especially when the temperature is outside the window. Some difficulties may arise with the onset of cold weather. During this period, their life seems to freeze, males lose their potential, females do not breed, and their weight is significantly reduced. In addition, if the animals are in a summer-type cage, there is a high probability of colds, hypothermia, and even frostbite of some parts of the body. There are still difficulties with nutrition, it freezes very quickly in the feeders, and the liquid turns into ice, while the rabbits need regular access to warm water.
It is also quite problematic to clean the shed for rabbits from impurities, because the latter also freeze. All this tells us that we should put a cage with long-eared residents in the barn or, in extreme cases, make it heated. True, there are breeds that can easily tolerate severe Russian winters in street cages. So, before acquiring an individual, be sure to familiarize yourself with the characteristics, care features and choose only breeds suitable for your climatic conditions. However, absolutely all rabbits are afraid of dampness, drafts and temperature changes, take these nuances into account when caring for them..
Types of rabbitry
Now let’s talk about the types and characteristics of housing for these fluffy animals. The fact that rabbits live in cages is not new to anyone, but the size of these "houses" largely depends on the breed, the number of residents and their gender. The average value of the living space is 1×1.5 m. In the warm season, it is quite possible to leave the cage under a tree in the fresh air, for wintering you should familiarize yourself with how to make a barn for rabbits without resorting to the help of paid specialists, that is, with your own hands .
There are double and multi-tier structures, the former are longer, and the latter have several rows located one above the other. Cages with aviaries, which are arranged on the side of the back wall, are also popular. Zones are separated by a removable partition.
Another type of such housing with a jumper is made for females, in this case the space is divided into two zones: aft and uterine.
But regardless of the chosen version of rabbitry, it is still recommended to place it in a special room in order to protect animals from frost and ease their work. In this role, an ordinary barn for a summer residence (even if it already has inhabitants, for example, hens), and sheds – gable structures can play this role. The back walls of the cells located in several tiers act as the lateral sides.
Despite the fact that housing is made for animals, you should still carefully consider all the details to the smallest detail. The building itself must be sufficiently reliable and dense, so that there are no drafts or sharp temperature jumps inside. Ventilated windows provide air circulation. The roof is best built with a pitched roof, then in the summer you can dry hay on it. Prefer double doors, one part of which will be made of mesh, and the second should be reliable and dense. After all, these animals are afraid of drafts, so you need to minimize the likelihood of their occurrence.
In addition, take care of a specially designated place where you will later place drinking bowls and feeders, and also make a pit for manure. This will facilitate your work, and in the barn everything will be neatly laid out in its place. In general, cells are usually made not very bulky, but not small, there must be partitions and separate feeders. If they are located in several tiers, then make sure that the manure from the "houses" of the upper row does not fall into the cells of the previous tier. Are you planning to breed rabbits? Consider a special space where young animals will walk.
We build rabbitry ourselves
Now we will go directly to the practical part and consider how do-it-yourself sheds for domestic rabbits are made.
How to build a do-it-yourself barn for rabbits. step by step scheme
Step 1: Material Analysis
First, draw a diagram of future housing and indicate the location of doors and windows. The size of the room depends on the number of residents – one large pet has a cage 1.5 m wide and meter long. For rabbits, of course, you can make smaller housing. Also keep in mind that it is better to breed females and males, and it is recommended that young growth be relocated to a separate territory. In addition, it was already said above that the room should have a specially designated place for inventory, for walking animals, as well as for collecting manure. Taking into account all these requirements, the optimal area of the barn is selected.
Step 2: choosing a place
If you decide to make a barn with your own hands, you will have to seriously approach the choice of place. It is advisable to build a room on the site most protected from winds. Shading will also have a positive effect, for example, a tree or a building nearby, in order to create suitable conditions in the summer heat, so the north side behind the house is ideal. During construction, you will have to dig a hole, so terrain with nearby water is undesirable.
Step 3: Preparing the tool and materials
In principle, it is possible to build a barn from absolutely any material – both brick and economical foam blocks, and a frame structure or a wooden blockhouse will be perfect for this task. You will also need nails, a hammer, mesh and plywood.
Step 4: Building a Barn
Since the design will be lightweight, you can save on the foundation. If you build walls of brick, they will be more reliable, but in this case the material costs will increase. A wooden room is also quite suitable, for this we build a frame and sheathe it with lumber. It is better to make the floor inclined, then it will be easier to clean. Also carry out insulation work, any heat-insulating material is suitable. Windows and doors should be tightly closed so that drafts have no chance.
Step 5: Cell Construction
The standard design of the cage involves the presence of a cobblestone frame, which is sheathed at the back, sides and top with dense plywood. The front side and the bottom are made of mesh. At the same time, it is desirable to make the floor and the roof inclined, while the latter is recommended to be completely folding, in which case one of its edges is mounted on the hinges. If the rabbitry is standing on the street, then the roof should protrude somewhere by 20 cm. To make it convenient to care for the animals, you should raise the cage at least 70 cm from the ground and install a special tray, where sewage will get into it. In such housing one or two rabbits can be.
The cells of the females are divided into two zones with a plywood partition between them, in one it lives, and in the second it displays rabbits (uterine part). The aft half is fully consistent with the above construction, but it is better to make the uterine out of solid material so that the calves do not fall out and provide a separate door there. The manhole in the partition is made 20 cm in diameter and is located at a height of 15 cm from the floor. As you can see, you can build a barn with cages for rabbits with your own hands, but you will have to allocate a lot of time and free space for this.