A properly planned diet of rabbits is the key to their health. The distribution of feed at home depends on the age category of individuals and the purpose of their breeding.
Rabbits daily ration
The rabbit breeder calculates the diet of rabbits, taking into account the availability of food and its nutrition, the weight and condition of the rabbits. When calculating the daily diet, the standards established in rabbit breeding, energy value, vitamin and mineral components necessary for animals are taken as the basis.
The diet of rabbits should contain nutrients, vitamins, minerals necessary for normal growth and development
Proper preparation of the ration for feeding rabbits allows you to get a healthy livestock and high-quality products at the lowest cost.
Feeding rates for each individual calculated by the scientific research institute of rabbit breeding:
These guidelines are for breeds of domestic rabbits kept in private and industrial breeding farms. Their average weight is 4-4.5 kg. Dwarf and decorative animals contained in apartment conditions, the nutritional standard is calculated by weight.
Average daily diet
When calculating the dose of feed in g per day, domestic rabbit breeding takes as its basis the marginal diet of adult rabbits:
In winter, when rabbits do not produce offspring, their feeding is moderate. Standards are given based on the average weight of the rabbit in 4-4.5 kg. The proportion of feed for a home decorative rabbit is calculated by its weight.
The ability of rabbits to reproduce offspring depends on their health. The daily ration of the rabbit is calculated so as to prevent obesity. This can be avoided by restricting the use of roughage, barley and corn crops in the winter, leading to a gain in excess weight.
Daily ration for pedigree males weighing 4 kg in summer: 0.8 kg of grass, 30 g of concentrates, 500 g of bone meal.
3 weeks before mating, males are fed fresh alfalfa, oat and wheat bran, oilcake. In the absence of green fodder in the summer they are replaced by sprouted wheat, oats, high-quality hay.
In the winter season, fresh herbs are changed to hay (up to 0.2 kg), diluted with concentrated (35 g) and juicy (0.2 kg) feeds. Add salt, meat and bone meal 12 g per head.
Adjustment of the menu for puppy rabbits is carried out during pregnancy and nursing, when an increased amount of nutrient components is required for the full development of cubs.
10 days before the planned date, the mating of breeding rabbits is transferred to a more nutritious diet, raising standard standards by 10-20%.
After establishing the fact of pregnancy, the female is transferred to a more nutritious diet, increasing its total calorie content
A balanced diet during the pregnancy of sucrose rabbits includes the following:
- chalk – up to 11.5 g;
- table salt – up to 12 g;
- bone meal – up to 60 g;
- fish oil (or synthesized vitamin analogue) – 1 g each.
Approximate rabbit food during pregnancy in the summer for 1 day:
- fresh vegetation – 0.5-0.7 kg;
- concentrated feed – up to 70 g.
When wintering, the daily menu includes the following components:
- hay – 150-200 g;
- concentrated feed (including cake up to 10 g) – 85 g;
- succulent feed – 200 g.
In the first half of pregnancy, sucrose rabbits feeding involves reducing the dose of concentrates and increasing the percentage of feed mixtures. In the second half, the percentage of concentrates per day is increased, and the proportion of Feed is reduced.
Feeding the young
From 15 days old, rabbits are given food, which the rabbit eats. For each young individual, up to 15 feed units per day.
After sitting rabbits from rabbits, which usually occurs on 20-30 days, they are transferred to a new diet for 2 months. The main share in the diet of rabbits falls on easily digestible feed mixtures, which are given in small portions.
In summer, the best food for rabbits will be oats, chopped cereals, beans, hay, chopped root vegetables, boiled potatoes, millet bran, alfalfa.
The table of daily dietary requirements in g per young individual: