Which breeds of rabbits for home breeding are better? This is the first question that comes to mind for a beginning rabbit breeder. The success of the economy does not depend on the breed, but on how competently a person approaches the matter. It is important to understand why you will breed rabbits: to sell meat and skins or for yourself.
Popular rabbit breeds
20 breeds are popular in the world.
There are several types of rabbits:
Rabbits of meat breeds quickly gain weight and when they reach six months of age they can be put on meat. Fur breeds have a thick, soft coat. Mixed types are the most popular among breeders, because their breeding allows you to get meat products, and it is profitable to sell skins.
Decorative animals are bred for pleasure as pets. Dwarf animals with long fur are bred in an apartment to obtain threads for knitting.
When breeding pussies, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions of the region and select representatives who do not need special care. What breed of rabbits is best suited for breeding in the Russian climate?
We suggest considering the most popular breeds in order to have an idea of their content.
The first representative on our list is Flanders. In the territories of the post-Soviet space, it is taking root poorly. For its maintenance, it is necessary to build special cells with heating, which is very expensive. At the same time, Flandra is used for the selection of many breeds of meat orientation.
Flanders is a real giant in comparison with relatives. Its body reaches 70 cm in length, and body weight reaches 10 kg. All over the world, this breed is appreciated for its delicate tasty meat and thick wool, which reminds the structure of kangaroo fur.
Despite the high performance, eared lumps require special care. Rabbit houses should be large. Representatives of the species consume a lot of food. Rabbits reach puberty very late, so often their birth is accompanied by complications. However, if the farm has a rather warm outbuilding that can be adapted to their content, then problems with breeding should not arise.
New Zealand White Crawl and Fold Ram
The average body weight of New Zealand representatives reaches 5 kg. The body is muscular, lean. They are distinguished by a pure white color. Small head with erect short ears. The paws even on the soles are covered with thick fur.
New Zealand White Rabbit
Representatives of the breed gain weight very quickly. Already by the age of 3 months, rabbits gain 3 kg. Rabbits give a large offspring of up to 12 rabbits. The character of the rabbits is calm.
Lop-eared ram – the species is very popular in Western Europe. Like flanders, body length can reach 70 cm. Body weight 7-8 kg. Wool feels like velvet. The body is lean with a well-developed muscular system. A feature of this species are hanging ears. This structure of the ears makes the hearing of rabbits much worse. The nature of the animals is calm and affectionate, so they are often bred as pets in apartment conditions.
White Down Crawl
On our territory you can find several varieties of this species. Color can be not only white, but also blue and black. The average body weight of animals is 4-5 kg. Case length – 51 centimeters.
White down rabbit
Fertility of females is average. During one pregnancy, rabbits can bear about 7 rabbits. Almost all representatives of fur-bearing breeds are well adapted to any climatic conditions. The fur of the representatives of the breed is light and elastic.
Angora fur crawl
Angora rabbit resembles a fluffy ball. Individuals of this species are often taken to children because of their friendly playful disposition. Their weight is only 3 kg.
Angora fluffy rabbit
Individuals of this species do not differ in precocity. Weight gain very slowly. The rabbit brings up to 6 rabbits in one round. Their coat requires special care. Crawls need to be cut often; warm dry cells are needed to keep them.
Black and brown crawl
Individuals of meat-and-hide breeds are especially popular among breeders due to their unpretentiousness in care and good adaptability. The meat of this breed of rabbits is distinguished by special taste. The fur color is similar to the fur of a silver fox.
Rabbits gain weight quickly. Their average body weight is 5 kg. In one pregnancy, the female carries about 8 babies.
The unique color made this look popular among fur connoisseurs. Against a plain background, contrasting spots resembling butterfly wings are clearly distinguished. The following colors are distinguished by the color scheme of the spots:
The view perfectly adapts to the climatic conditions of our territories. In addition to fine wool, individuals have excellent meat, which is highly regarded among gourmets. Females of this species are very prolific.
Soviet chinchilla crawl
From the name itself it is clear that the fur color resembles chinchilla wool. Animal skins are widely used for the manufacture of fur coats and short fur coats, not only as an imitation of chinchilla fur, but also in its pure form.
The breed is also valued for its high rate of mass gain. By 3 months of age, their weight is 3 kg. A rabbit can lead 8-10 rabbits in one bark.
When deciding which breed is best for breeding, it is recommended to pay attention to medium-sized rabbits. As for saving on feed, it all depends on the feed itself. For example, in Europe, experienced rabbit breeders and large farmers have long switched to granular feed. They are balanced and can provide rabbits with all the necessary minerals and vitamins for optimal growth and development.
In addition to buying granular feed, you do not need to make any extra costs. The only thing the rabbit still needs is enough water. With such a diet, as it turned out, the most profitable breeding of rabbits with average body weight. Their fertility is quite high, and young growth catches up a lot very quickly.
Among domestic rabbit breeders, medium-sized rabbits of such breeds are quite popular:
- Vienna blue;
- New Zealand red and white.
In addition to active mass gain, individuals of these species are characterized by early maturity and high sexual activity. The downtime for such individuals is much shorter than for large meat varieties. Females and males Giants reach puberty 1.5 months later than medium-sized representatives. The fur of medium-sized individuals also differs in quality for the better.
Differences and advantages of albinos
When deciding which breed will be more economical to breed, you should pay attention to albino rabbits. There are several varieties of white rabbits. Among them are Butterfly, White Giant, Pannon, New Zealand. Albinos are characterized by a calm, balanced character.
Rabbits are completely non-aggressive, therefore they do not spend their energy on conflicts within the species. Accordingly, much less will be needed to maintain the vital energy of the feed. Fat build-up is noticeably fast. All large livestock farms prefer albinos for breeding for sale.
Benefits from keeping rabbits
Any beginner farmer asks whether it is profitable to raise rabbits at all and what breed is best to start. If we analyze the global statistics and trends in the development of rabbit breeding, it becomes clear that large-sized breeds have lost their primacy. Even the countries in which they were previously considered property have begun to abandon their breeding, because it is not profitable.
Recently, New Zealand and California rabbits have become the most popular. Also, these trends are closely associated with the invention of new breeding technologies and the release of improved universal feed. Medium-sized rabbits weighing up to 5 kg are characterized by fast weight gain. By the age of 3 months, they can be slaughtered. Individuals by this moment already have a weight of 3 kg.
Today, accelerated rabbits are increasingly found in urban apartments. They are kept as pets. The rabbits have a very calm disposition, they get along well with children.