Currently, many families have an unusual animal in order to give moments of joy to their child. Now it is considered fashionable and even prestigious to have a decorative rabbit in the house. The decision to establish a rabbit must be carefully thought out. Indeed, the maintenance and care of decorative rabbits is a matter that requires the owner of deep knowledge and high responsibility.
When making a purchase, inquire with the manufacturer the rules for caring for the pet, the particulars of care for just such a breed. It will not be superfluous to check the animal’s pedigree. Get relevant literature on caring for a decorative rabbit, get information from various sources, and rely not only on the advice of friends.
For keeping at home, several breeds of rabbits have been bred: with erect ears, “lop-eared rabbits,” dwarf rabbits – “rams.” Among dwarf rabbits, there are varieties of dwarf lions, Angora lions, dwarf foxes. Incredibly beautiful rabbits with long hair, but they need to be combed daily. Think about whether you have time for this procedure. It is necessary to comb the animals carefully, starting from the tips and moving to the roots of the hairs. If such a procedure is not carried out, then the rabbit will start to get confused, and coils will appear. Koltuns are difficult to comb, since it is very painful for a rabbit, they can only be cut with a machine in specialized salons. Of course, with short-haired rabbits there are much less problems of this kind.
The subsequent life and health status of your pet will be completely up to you. Maintenance and care of decorative rabbits quite simple. If you follow certain rules, the rabbit will give you and your family only joyful and happy moments.
Remember the important rule: first the cage is acquired and all the necessary equipment for it, and only then the rabbit, and not the other way around!
Since rabbits grow quickly, it is best to immediately acquire a large cage, which will be much larger than a rabbit. The size of the cage should allow the grown rabbit to stretch out to its full length, rise on its hind legs. In addition, in the cage there should be a place for the animal’s house (after all, he needs to rest from everyone), under the tray, under the car wash and nursery for hay. The cage should have a plastic tray, not a trellis, because the rabbit’s legs are not adapted to the trellis. An automatic drinker is fixed on the bars of the cage.
Care for decorative rabbits
All rabbit care includes the organization of proper nutrition, walking and keeping in the cage, as well as the prevention of diseases.
Rabbits feel quite comfortable at temperatures up to 20 degrees below zero. But they do not tolerate stuffiness, direct sunlight, overheating. They must be protected from drafts and dampness, high humidity and high levels of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and ammonia in the air. The most comfortable temperature for rabbits is 18-20 degrees at 50% humidity. Rabbits do not sweat; their heat transfer is carried out through the veins on the ears. If the rabbit feels bad from the heat, then you need to rub his ears with a cloth slightly moistened in cold water. When cooling the ears, the whole rabbit cools. More experienced rabbit breeders are advised to cover the cage with a wet towel or put a plastic bottle of cold water (even with pieces of ice) into the cage.
If you live in an apartment, it is better to keep the animal in a cage. Rabbits by nature are very timid and fearful, so they should be held very tightly in their arms. Falling from a person’s hands even from a small height can be fatal, because rabbits have a fragile spine. Protect the rabbit from contact with the dog and cat, because they can start chasing the rabbit, and such a marathon is harmful to his health. No need to get a rabbit if the house has a small child. After all, children are naturally very curious and can grab an animal for vulnerabilities: ears or skin on its back. From such stress, the little rabbit can get sick and wither.
Rabbits have a certain intelligence. If the animal has been living in the family for a long time, then it gladly goes into the arms, knows its name. Rabbits like being patted on the back and head, but they get annoyed when they touch their chin. Rabbits are active at night, and during the day they hide in the house. Therefore, in the daytime they do not need to be disturbed. It is not advisable to bathe rabbits; they clean their fur themselves. Washing is allowed only in emergency cases (e.g. diarrhea). If, nevertheless, the rabbit was bought, then protect it from drafts, because their coat is thick and dries for a long time. Sometimes rabbits eat their stool. This phenomenon is scientifically called "coprophagy." Feces in rabbits are different. The night one looks like soft watery balls, not perfectly round, and the day one looks like dry, hard, round balls. Nightly feces, usually contains 3.5 times more protein, and 2 times less fiber than daytime. Rabbits must be vaccinated on time. They definitely need to cut their nails with claws.
Decorative rabbits are gentle creatures. Drafts instantly cause a cold in them, stuffiness is simply deadly for them. A cage with a rabbit cannot be left in the sun. In the cage you need to fix a manger for hay, a feeder for grain, a tray. Otherwise, be prepared for an early rise, because rabbits will be playing football with loose equipment. The litter is laid at the bottom of the cell, it must be from sawdust or straw, and constantly dry. It is recommended to clean and replace the litter at least 3 times a week. Wet and dirty litter can cause stomach problems. But the tray should be washed daily, rabbits – lovers of cleanliness. It is noticed that the rabbits do not go into the dirty tray, but arrange a toilet nearby. Some complain about the unpleasant odor coming from the rabbit. But if you take care of the animal properly, then there will be no unpleasant odors.
Rabbits need movement. Try to let your pet out for a walk daily, of course, if possible in your home environment. Take care in advance that the rabbit has nothing to chew on. After all, all animals have instincts. And the instinct of rabbits is manifested in the fact that they gnaw everything that catches their eye: from wires and shoes to wallpaper. Therefore, you need to make sure that the territory for a pet’s walk is safe. In no case do not leave the animal alone, as it can be frightened of something and climb into any gap, and getting it from there will become a problem for you. On a walk, take your pet in your arms, stroke it, talk, and address it by name. The animal must get used to you and learn to respond to your nickname.
The main product in rabbit nutrition is hay. Therefore, choose it especially carefully. Choose hay dry, pleasant to smell, with no signs of rot, mold and charm. Hay should always be in the manger. Some recommend hay for food to be left directly on the cage floor. This is extremely undesirable. Indeed, from the feces of the animal hay spoils. And since rabbits love to eat their waste, this can lead to various diseases. Choose a heavy bowl for grain feed so that the rabbit does not turn it over.
As a feed for a rabbit, you can use feed mixtures, animal feed and hercules. New food should be introduced gradually, mixing it with the usual food. You can slowly introduce oats and dry buckwheat.
Remember that rabbits are herbivores. Therefore, hay should always be in the rabbit’s manger!
The rabbit’s stomach is extremely susceptible to various eating disorders. The body reacts with diarrhea.
The cause of diarrhea in a rabbit may be:
- moldy bread;
- dry food infected by weevils;
- spoiled feed;
- early introduction or a large number of vegetables and fruits;
- a sharp change in feed;
- viral infections;
- gastric diseases;
- unsanitary condition of the cell.
give the rabbit a solution of pharmacy chamomile (you can drink it forcefully using a syringe without a needle);
lay a new litter;
remove all food, leaving only hay and water.
For prevention, give a weak solution of potassium permanganate or iodine 1-2 times a week (2 drops per 1 liter of water), you can give a decoction of pharmacy chamomile.
In case of prolonged diarrhea, immediately contact your veterinarian, because prolongation can lead to the death of a pet.
It is no secret that males are more aggressive and impulsive than females. In addition, unlike rabbits, rabbits mark territory. Rabbit urine has an extremely unpleasant odor, which is difficult to get rid of. The male can choose a rabbit rabbit replacement in the form of your favorite slippers, baby toys or even your foot. To prevent such unpleasant moments, you need to take care of the castration of the animal in a timely manner.