Lactic acid for rabbits is considered a valuable food supplement, which is used to prevent digestive disorders. The tool also found its application as an effective antiseptic and disinfectant. But, despite the fact that the drug is characterized by minimal toxicity, its use involves a number of features and requires strict adherence to the recommended dosages.
Rabbit and lactic acid
Why is lactic acid used?
Lactic acid has a number of medicinal effects that enhance the productivity of animals and improve their health. The specific positive effects of the drug depend on the method of its use. So, in the case of oral intake of liquid in the feed and with water, it has the following effects:
- the destruction of pathogenic bacteria located in the digestive tract;
- improved metabolism;
- restriction of the reproduction of pathogenic microflora;
- relaxation of the muscles of the digestive system, as a result of which food passes through the digestive tract more easily;
- reducing the effects of poisoning rabbits with toxic substances.
Thanks to an extensive list of positive effects on the body, veterinarians recommend giving lactic acid to rabbits for bloating, gastritis, enteritis, and acute expansion of the animal’s stomach. The use of the drug also affects the increase in the sexual activity of animals, therefore it is often used for prophylactic purposes.
The drug is effective in case of external use. It is used for:
- processing fungi developing on the skin of rabbits;
- treatment of superficial inflammatory processes;
- lubrication of ulcers and abscesses;
- disinfection of mechanical injuries and injuries.
The effective antibacterial effect of the liquid has led to its widespread use for the disinfection of premises, equipment, utensils used in keeping rabbits. Even in diluted form, this composition quickly copes with the infection.
Release form and storage rules
Lactic acid is a liquid substance with a slight sour smell. Such a liquid may be completely colorless or have a yellowish tint. In the manufacturing process, it is mixed with distilled water, while the concentration of the active substance in the aqueous solution can be 40% or 80%.
In veterinary pharmacies, the drug is sold in glass or plastic containers. The most common are bottles with a capacity of 10 to 1000 ml, less commonly, more voluminous packings are available to the buyer.
Such a tool is extremely resistant to external influences. The characteristics of the drug are stored at a temperature of from 30 to 45 for 10 years, while it is necessary to completely exclude contact with direct sunlight. It is also imperative that children and animals have limited access to lactic acid, and containers with liquids must be sealed after each use.
Dosage and instructions for use
As already noted, there are 3 main ways to use lactic acid:
- Disinfection spraying.
- Outdoor processing.
Before using any of the methods, it is absolutely necessary to dilute lactic acid with water, and the ratio of liquid to acid directly depends on the application. As for the specific dosages for rabbits, they are not indicated in the instructions for the preparation. But, based on the many years of experience of many breeders, general recommendations were made for the use of the product.
Oral administration is used to treat and prevent a number of rabbit diseases. It helps with:
Trichomonas in a rabbit
In some cases, the solution is mixed with animal food, but more often it is diluted with water and added to the rabbits in drinking bowls. The solution is made with a concentration of 2% or 3%. In the first case, the norm for an adult is from 4 to 7.5 ml of the drug. Using a 3% mixture, a single dose is reduced to 5 ml.
A higher concentration of 5% is designed for the treatment of the acute form of these diseases, while the dosage should not exceed 4 ml. The term of use of the drug is 5 days.
Attention! Young animals are booed no earlier than 45 days after birth. The use of the drug for younger individuals is fraught with damage to health.
Lactic acid is also used for prophylactic purposes. To do this, prepare a drink, diluting 2 tablespoons of the product in a bucket of clean boiled water. This drink replaces ordinary water in drinking bowls of rabbits. The duration of admission is 4 days. The procedure allows you to timely prevent bloating and a number of other disorders of the digestive system.
Spraying a solution of lactic acid is implemented with the aim of processing rooms, utensils and equipment in livestock farms. Disinfection for prevention is carried out once a year. For this, the composition is diluted in water until a 10-30% solution is formed. Spraying the mixture is carried out in two main ways:
- By heating the liquid and inflating it around the perimeter of the room with a powerful fan, the doors and windows are closed to prevent the drawing of steam through a draft.
- The use of special humidifiers that distribute the disinfectant automatically.
In addition to regular annual disinfection, urgent procedures are also carried out. They are resorted to to secure the room and equipment 1.5 weeks before the expected birth of a pregnant rabbit. The event is also carried out a week before the young are leaving their mother.
After spraying the rabbitry is closed for 30 minutes. During this period, the active substance of the solution kills the infection. After the specified time period, thoroughly air and wash the dishes and equipment.
After spraying the rabbitry is closed for 30 minutes
In addition to the usual disinfection of rabbitry, lactic acid in a weak solution (1-4%) is also used to increase the shelf life of feed. To do this, they are thoroughly sprayed with a mixture, mixing. The dosage is 0.5 ml per kilogram of rabbit food. When using a composition with such a concentration in rooms, it is not necessary to remove animals from it. Such a procedure will allow for unscheduled disease prevention.
Important! An aqueous solution of the drug is often used to increase the shelf life of meat products obtained from slaughter of rabbits. Acid kills bacteria that settle in rabbit and gradually rot.
External use of lactic acid justifies itself in the presence of external injuries, ulcers, inflammations in the rabbit. Such places are processed by gently lubricating the desired area of the skin with an ear stick or cotton swab. Concentration depends on the nature of the lesion:
- for the treatment of wounds in order to disinfect them, a 20-30% solution is used;
- to cauterize an open wound or ulcer, a mixture with 40% of the active substance is used;
- to soften keratinized skin areas, the concentration of the composition is reduced to 10%.
In any case, the treatment should be carried out extremely carefully, and if possible, do not touch adjacent areas of the skin of the animal.
Lactic acid is used for internal and external use with strict observance of these standards. Serious excess doses of the drug for the rabbit will not be critical, but may affect his well-being. If the tool is used to treat severe forms of the disease, then before using it, it is advisable to seek the advice of an experienced veterinarian.
The composition is completely contraindicated for use in rabbits, which can be traced:
- increased acidity;
- weeping ulcers;
- liver failure;
- gastritis, developing against the background of increased work of the secretory glands.
Contraindication is rabbit gastritis
For all other categories of living creatures, the use of the drug is allowed. It can also be used right before slaughtering rabbits. The substances included in the composition do not affect the quality and taste of meat.
In domestic and industrial rabbit breeding, lactic acid is an indispensable therapeutic and prophylactic agent. Such a substance does not harm the health of animals, optimally matches the metabolic processes of the body of pets, quickly kills pathogenic microflora. For the most positive effect from taking the drug, you must clearly follow the dosages indicated in the article.