Why rabbits need lactic acid, when, how and how much to give, what contraindications to its use exist – you will learn about this from this article. Breeders have long been using various biologically active food additives to achieve certain goals. Some of them are synthesized in production, and some are natural. One of the most popular in all sectors of animal husbandry is lactic acid. They use it in rabbit breeding.
Description of the substance and scope
Lactic acid (lactate) is a yellowish liquid that does not have a pronounced smell and sour taste. The substance is readily soluble in water, alcohol, ether and glycerin. It is formed as a result of fermentation of glucose by lactic acid bacteria from sugar-containing products. It is allocated at a starter culture and salting of vegetables, protecting preparations from a mold.
The anti-mold and antifungal properties of lactic acid are widely used in the production of food products, including those intended for baby food.
In rabbit breeding, it is used as an antimicrobial and anti-fermentation drug given to rabbits with food. The use of antiseptic properties of the substance is also widespread. With an aqueous solution of lactate, you can process livestock, feeders and drinking bowls, tools with which to care for the cells.
Why do rabbits need lactic acid?
Now let’s see how lactic acid is for rabbits and how to give it to these animals. You can use the substance as an additive to food or water – inside, and externally, externally.
Lactic (hydroxypropionic) acid is an organic substance that does not have, if used correctly, no negative consequences and side effects.
The main reason lactic acid for rabbits is used on farms and on private farms is its effect on digestion and the state of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
When eating roughage, animals can suffer from bloating. You can avoid these problems if you give rabbits lactic acid. Usually it is added to food or drink.
The use of lactate by rabbits has a beneficial effect on their general condition: food is digested faster and more fully. The digestion of the coarse parts of the feed is stimulated, and the vital energy of the animals increases.
In addition, the addition of lactic acid to food corrects reproductive abilities, increasing sexual activity in males and females.
Internal and external use of lactate
The method of internal use of lactate is most often prophylactic. Oxypropionic acid protects against gastrointestinal tract disorders and stimulates muscle building. It easily and without side effects suppresses harmful microflora, protects against parasitic infestations and viruses. She is treated with trichomoniasis, coccidiosis, bloating, flatulence.
For external, external use, lactic acid is suitable for the care of damaged areas of the skin and mucous membranes. The substance easily overcomes the epidermal barrier, actively involved in the regenerative process and contributing to the rapid healing of wounds.
And besides this, a concentrated aqueous solution of lactate is an excellent antiseptic. It can be used without any concern for processing cells, even with rabbits in them.
Release form and characteristics
In pharmacies or veterinary points of sale, you can find two types of lactic acid. It is produced in various concentrations – 40% and 80%.
Capacity varies from 10 to 1000 ml. Storage conditions are available to every breeder: to do this, remove the bottle with lactate in a dark place inaccessible to children. The temperature at which lactate will retain its beneficial properties should not exceed 45 degrees and fall below 30 degrees Celsius.
The price for 100 ml of 40% lactic acid is within 100 rubles.
The safe shelf life of oxypropionic acid is 10 years. Therefore, having bought once a large volume, the farmer can be sure that the product will not lose its healing and antiseptic properties over a long period.
In rabbit breeding, aqueous solutions of lactate are used. Moreover, the concentration and dosage of the substance for internal and external use will be different.
Instructions for prophylactic use inside
Pure lactate should not be given to animals. The internal method involves mandatory dilution in drinking water to the required concentration.
The prophylactic dose of oxypropionic acid per rabbit is 4 ml of a 2% solution. This amount is enough to protect the eared ears from viruses and parasitic infestations. It should be given for 5 consecutive days at the beginning of the spring-autumn season.
You can prepare a 2% concentration as follows: when using 80% lactic acid in 100 ml of water, add 2.5 ml of acid, if the substance is 40%, then it needs 5 ml per 100 ml of water.
For prophylaxis against coccidiosis, rabbits are recommended to drink the drug for 45 days. Prepare a preventive drink in the following way: 2 tbsp. tablespoons 40% lactate per 10 liters of water. The same concentration is enough for adults.
Rabbit food can be disinfected. The acid concentration in this case varies from 1 to 4%. Processing is carried out in a ratio of 0.5 ml per 1 kg of feed.
Instructions for therapeutic use inside
Lactic acid can cope with some diseases of rabbits. For therapeutic purposes, rabbits should be fed 5% solutions (4 ml).
Dilute to obtain 5% concentration as follows: take 100 ml of water 6.25 ml of 80% lactic acid or 12.5 ml of 40%. This solution should be treated until the symptoms of the disease disappear once a day.
When there are signs of flatulence, bloating (tympanum), fermentation in the intestines of animals, you also need to drink 5% lactate solution (4 ml).
The acid has a relaxing effect on the sphincters of the stomach and intestines, while the pathogenic microflora is suppressed. Harmful decomposition products of organic substances in the digestive tract are then formed to a much lesser extent.
A concentrated 5% solution is necessary to treat such ailments as:
The treatment method of internal use in each case can be prescribed by a veterinarian.
Instructions for external use
Lactate has a drying, disinfecting effect, can destroy the keratinized layer of the epidermis. Therefore, it can be used to treat corns, warts, keratinization, ulcers on the mucous membranes and skin.
To cauterize sores, take a 10-40% solution to remove keratinization and neoplasms – 20-50%, to get rid of corns on the legs of a rabbit or warts – 10-30%. Different types of dermatoses are treated with a 10% solution.
As a disinfectant, the drug is used in 20% concentration. It is sprayed during the epidemic. In large farms, air humidifiers are used; on small farms, steam is boiled and dispelled with a fan for half an hour. After that, rabbitry is aired, and the feeders and drinkers are thoroughly washed.
To obtain a solution, mix 2 tbsp. tablespoons 40% of the drug with 10 liters of water.
Disinfect once a year. Uterus cells should be treated 10 days prior to the okro-ling and after the baby is deposited.
Lactic acid is a completely natural substance. Even in high concentrations, subject to the instructions, it is safe, so there are practically no contraindications.
However, one must understand that it is an acid. If rabbits have an acute stage of gastritis, acidosis, renal failure or weeping ulcers, it cannot be used. Since in such diseases the acid-base balance is disturbed in the direction of excess, the introduction of an acidic substance can aggravate the condition.
The best way to accurately determine the need for use, concentration and dosage of lactic acid for your rabbits is to get your veterinarian’s appointment.
Please write in the comments how you use lactic acid. Whether you give it to rabbits or disinfect cages with it.
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