Breeding rabbits is a profitable business and a profitable occupation. To breed them in pits can not only a professional, but also an amateur. There are no big difficulties, and the animal is more comfortable in the pit than in the cage.
Before starting to breed rabbits, many people wonder how to do it, where to keep them, what breed to choose for maximum profit. It is better to start with minimal costs, and keeping rabbits in holes and holes is the best option for this.
If the animals are used to living in a cage, and the conditions have changed dramatically, transferring them to pits, then various unforeseen situations can happen. Worst of all, large breeds adapt to new conditions. They cannot adapt for a long time, and in rabbits, pregnancy is poor. Therefore, the settlement in the pits should begin with young inexperienced individuals.
Still it is worth considering the peculiarity of the climate of the area where rabbit breeding in the pits is planned. If floods often occur, then it is better to abandon such an undertaking.
Over time, each new generation can become smaller and run wild. The main essence of the pit method is to save manpower and resources for growing. And in order to minimize uncontrolled related mating, which will certainly be, males should be changed as often as possible.
Advantages and disadvantages
Such a method as breeding rabbits in artificial burrows has its pros and cons. The positive aspects include:
- investment is significantly less than when keeping rabbits in cages;
- high quantitative indicator of rabbit living and space saving (up to 200 individuals can be kept in a 4m 2 pit);
- the situation is as close to natural as possible, and the female does not need help during the round-up;
- little time is needed for leaving;
- health indicators are better (there are no drafts in winter, and animals do not overheat in summer);
- the possibility of obtaining the necessary minerals from the earth;
- higher development than cell rabbits due to free movement and the ability to dig burrows;
- high reproductive rates;
- feed saving;
Separately, it is worth considering the disadvantages of breeding rabbits in holes:
- offspring gradually degenerate due to uncontrolled inbreeding;
- gradual wildness and fear of humans, which complicates the process of catching a rabbit;
- inappropriate way to keep on skins, since they are not subject to dressing due to frequent fights;
- the possibility of rapid spread of infections due to the difficulty in identifying a sick rabbit;
- same diet for all animals.
Where to begin
Breeding rabbits in the pits begins with the fact that they dig a hole and make sure that it is not flooded with groundwater. For breeding up to 200 individuals, a 2x2m pit size is sufficient. Then comes its arrangement. Walls can be overlaid with slate or walled. This minimizes the possibility of caving and rabbits will not dig holes in all directions. Only one side is not encircled and with a shovel indicate the entrance to the future hole just above the bottom level (10-12 cm). The width should be such that 2-3 rabbits can freely fit there.
According to observations, digging holes is mostly done by rabbits, and its length can be up to 20 m. Basically, the direction of the hole goes either horizontally or down. Therefore, there is no need to fear that animals will get to the surface by making vertical moves. They also will not damage the roots of the trees if they are nearby. But a very shallow hole increases the likelihood of rabbits coming to the surface. It should be 1-1.5 meters.
After preparing the pit, rabbits can be populated. The first to start a 4-5-month-old young. There are no restrictions in the breeds, but it is better to give preference to smaller ones. Immediately it is best not to let everyone out, but to limit themselves to a few dozen. After 2-3 days, you can add others to them.
Experienced females who constantly lived in cages lose their digging instinct and when they move into a hole they simply occupy a hole, driving other rabbits out of there. It is good to settle rabbits who already have experience of similar maintenance – they easily adapt and accustom their fellow tribesmen to this. At first, conflicts between animals may arise over the division of the territory. This is normal and you should not worry.
If rabbits don’t dig holes
There are times when, after the resettlement of rabbits, they do not dig holes, because they do not have such skills. At the genetic level, they are lost. These are mainly adult animals older than a year. Therefore, they need to be pushed to this work.
To do this, with a bayonet shovel in the area of one corner, at a height of about 20 cm, you need to start digging a mink with the greatest possible length. The move is done with a slight downward slope (up to 30 degrees). Then a log about 20 cm in diameter is inserted into the hole. The free space is compacted with clay or soil. While the clay has not hardened, it is necessary to pull out the log in such a way that a cone-shaped hole with an extension to the exit (about 45 cm) is obtained. Length should be approximately 50cm.
Rabbits will begin to gradually sniff and examine a new structure for them, and then settle in it.
Breeding and selection work
Leaving unattended rabbit reproduction in the pit is impossible. It is also necessary to pay attention to breeding. The family ties of animals should be limited as much as possible so that the tribe does not become smaller or degenerate. To do this, it will be better to change the male more often.
Rabbits also require special attention. It is necessary to send females with external defects, as well as with low productivity, to the rejection. Rabbits eating cubs are also better off isolating. This can be determined by her behavior. If the female, who was preparing for the showdown, began to haul hay, tear down and greatly lost weight, then there is a chance of eating her rabbits.
Useful Tips for Rabbits
Breeding rabbits in holes and holes
Although breeding rabbits in pits is not the most time-consuming process, you should still not forget about the care and some advice of rabbit breeders.
The most comfortable temperature for rabbits in a hole is 14-16 0 C. For this, it is better to dig a hole in the shade, and not in direct sunlight. For winter, you can do thatched wall insulation, as well as shelter from rainfall.
During the construction phase of the pit, you need to think about ventilation. On the roof, you can mount a pipe, one end of which should be under the ceiling, and the other (curved) on the street.
Do not forget about the light for animals. If there is no way to hold and connect incandescent lamps, then you need to make a roof that can move away. In constant darkness, rabbits in holes burrow, and breeding does not give the desired result.
To get rid of the problem of unpleasant odor, it is necessary to drain. At the bottom put a net or slats, cover with straw, which should change regularly.
The most successful solutions
During the construction of the pit, each proceeds from its goals, preferences and possibilities of financial costs. Each one has a unique pit.
To make it easier to monitor the cleanliness of the rabbits in the room, one rabbit breeder suggested filling the bottom of the pit with sand 20 cm thick. Sand is a good sorbent for animal urine. Put a net on top of the sand – it’s convenient to remove manure and leftover food from it. And so that the garbage does not block the entrance to the hole, it is made 10-15 cm higher than the floor level.
A rabbit breeder from the Moscow Region found a successful solution to how to make rabbits living in the pit more tame. Every evening at the same hour, while feeding and changing the water of animals, he attracted them with a bell ringing. At the same time, he gave an apple or carrot directly from his hands.
Rats always make their way to the rabbit hole, causing a lot of trouble, especially young animals. They can eat rabbits or nibble adult legs. And although rabbits living in holes can themselves repel rodents, it is still necessary to protect pets from them.
One of the easiest ways to ward off rats from a hole is to break a few light bulbs and grind the fragments. Separately, fry 2 onions and 4 eggs with butter. Shuffle with shards. Wrap everything in paper and place in a bag. Put this contents where rats are most often.
How to catch a rabbit in a pit
Due to the wildness of rabbits, it becomes more difficult to catch in a hole over time. Feeling danger, they hide in holes, and it is almost impossible to get out of there. First of all, animals need to be trained to leave their holes during distribution of food.
Using your hands to catch them at this moment will be very difficult, so you need to set a trap at the entrance to the hole. You can make a latch in front of the entrance and close it when the rabbits come out. Then they can be caught with a net.
The method of keeping rabbits in pits is not yet as popular as breeding in cells (see details about cells). But it is quite effective and many, after weighing the pros and cons, are inclined to this method of keeping pets.