Owners of rabbits very often face such a problem as intestinal stasis in animals. And it’s completely unimportant what kind of breeds we are talking about: elite, decorative or meat — all of them are susceptible to this disease. Its development occurs for several reasons. As for young animals, their bloating occurs mainly against the background of stress, when they switch from mother’s milk to solid feed. But older individuals may encounter this problem for other reasons. What are the symptoms inherent in this disease of rabbits, and how to treat them with bloating, read on.
Possible causes of the disease
Before starting treatment, the cause of the swelling should be established. Experts recommend that you first conduct a visual inspection of the animal and observe it a little. If his stomach is pouting and it is clearly visible, then it’s time to do something.
The reason why bloating in rabbits can occur can be of the following nature:
- high humidity;
- the introduction of new feed into the diet;
- improper transportation of the animal, during which it was without movement;
- hot weather;
- stressful situation, for the emergence of which a new neighborhood can serve, the transfer from one cell to another, aggression from the neighbors, fear.
Bloating in rabbits is often manifested against the background of infection. The fact is that their microflora is very peculiar. In the wild, they will not consume harmful herbs or fruits, but in captivity they have to eat what the owner gives. It is he who must take responsibility for the quality of their food.
With intestinal infection, pathogens emit gases during the course of their life. This is what causes the rabbit to bloat. Without proper treatment, this problem can result in bowel obstruction. Thus, even high-quality food cannot be a guarantee that animals will be healthy. Their death can occur from starvation due to a clogged intestine with gases and liquid.
It is also worth adding that in the intestines of the rabbit, fermentation can occur, which is caused by bacteria. If there are few of them, then they do not pose a particular danger. However, an excessive amount of them will definitely cause bloating. This can happen as a result of eating rabbits grass that has been dried incorrectly.
In order to avoid such problems, the weed should be dried in a well-ventilated area, spreading it in a thin layer. If you dry it in piles in the sun, then fresh grass under the influence of sunlight is heated and gradually begins to rot. Thus, bacteria multiply in it, leading to fermentation in the stomach. See also the video about this. (author – Alexander Harlak)
Bloating in rabbits
This problem in rabbits arises mainly due to the transition from mother’s milk to solid feed. Of particular danger to their ventricle are products in which a large amount of fiber is present. Its excess can cause obstruction and flatulence. That is why it is necessary to minimize the presence in the diet of rabbits of such products as cabbage, silage, legumes, beet tops, frozen vegetables.
Symptoms of intestinal stasis
Symptoms of the disease are represented by the absence of stool for 10-12 hours or the presence of feces in the form of small balls, which are visible from the anus. Sometimes they can come out with yellowish mucus. Such symptoms should definitely alert and become an occasion in order to begin treatment of the disease.
If gases begin to accumulate in the intestines of the animal, the stomach grows in size and seems inflated. In this case, rabbits are tormented by painful sensations that depress them. As a result, the animal loses its appetite, does not drink, it has a decrease in motor activity. If you do not begin to treat him, after a while he will lose his last strength and die.
So, we present to your attention the main symptoms that indicate the development of intestinal stasis:
- prolonged absence of feces (up to 12 hours);
- loss of appetite and a complete rejection of food;
- lethargic state;
- lowered body temperature, reaching 37 degrees;
- rapid breathing;
- characteristic grinding of teeth.
In order to timely detect a problem in the rabbit, such as intestinal stasis, it is necessary to pay attention to even the most insignificant deviations from the norm and take appropriate measures in a timely manner. If the rabbit has symptoms from the list, this should be the reason for taking urgent measures to treat the disease.
First of all, the sick rabbit must be released from the cage so that it jumps, but provided that it is still able to do this. It is very important to ensure the discharge of gases. For these purposes, you can use Espumisan. This drug will partially eliminate pain in the intestine and prevent its rupture. Espumisan can be administered with a pipette, this should be done every 3 hours: 2 ml of the drug is injected into the animal’s oral cavity. This method is especially relevant if rabbits are to be treated.
The use of biomycin
In order to successfully cope with the disease, you may need the help of antibiotics. With a disease of bacterial origin, Biomycin is used. It is a yellow powder that is odorless. It has a bitter taste and is poorly divorced in water.
With gastrointestinal stasis in rabbits, Biomycin is introduced into the oral cavity of the animal. The treatment of this disease involves the use of 0.1 g of the drug twice a day. The duration of therapy should not exceed 5 days. It should be noted that rabbits do not tolerate Biomycin very well, which is why you should not exceed the dosage or use it longer than the prescribed time. Before starting treatment for the disease using Biomycin, it is imperative to consult a veterinarian and read the instructions.
This drug is used to treat adults. Give it 0.4 ml 5 times a day, but before that, tympanol should be diluted with water in a ratio of 4: 1 (water / medicine). Penetrating into the intestines of an animal, the drug helps to remove gases from the body. In addition, it also accelerates the promotion of intestinal contents. Of the side effects, the occurrence of an allergic reaction associated with intolerance to any component of the agent may be noted.
In order to reduce the suffering of the rabbit and relieve it of pain, No-Shpa can be recommended. To treat the disease, injections three times a day in an amount of 0.2 ml / kg. However, it is worth noting that No-Shpa will help to successfully cope with the symptoms of the disease, if their cause was a stressful situation. If parasites or fermentation are the provocateurs of bloating, then this drug will not bring the desired effect.
This is a truly universal remedy that is used to eliminate various bowel problems. Before starting treatment of the disease in this way, the tablet must be crushed, and then add it to drinking water or food. If the animal has no appetite, then the resulting solution can be injected into the oral cavity using an insulin syringe without a tip. The dosage depends on the weight of the rabbit: 1 tablet is required per 10 kg.
Massage and Enema
Massage will help ease the condition of the pet. It should be done with light finger movements on the stomach, starting from the chest and heading to the tail.
An enema is also able to relieve an animal of discomfort. To do this, distilled water at room temperature (500 ml), magnesium sulfate (1 tsp) and vegetable oil (1 tsp) are used. To enhance the therapeutic effect, you can also do massage in parallel with the enema.