For a long time already people have tamed rabbits and bred decorative breeds that contain houses as a cute pet.
They are playful and affectionate (no worse than cats), but in order to ensure a comfortable stay with people, you need to know how to properly care for and keep decorative rabbits.
Overview of the main breeds
Today there are many different breeds of decorative rabbits (about 200). All of them have their own characteristics, care rules, appearance, weight, color and other parameters. Their average life expectancy is 9-7 years, but with proper care and care, some animals survive to 10-12 years.
By the nature of "eared ears", as a rule, friendly and cute, the main thing is to correctly introduce them to all family members from the beginning and make it clear to the animal that the owner is not an enemy, but a friend.
Consider the most popular breeds that are planted to keep the house:
- Shorthair dwarf rabbit is popularly called a colored dwarf. The name came from a colorful motley color. Animals of this breed, there are about 60 species of flowers. Outwardly, it resembles an ordinary wild rabbit, but in size it is much smaller. Their weight is usually not more than a kilogram.
- The Dutch dwarf rabbit is usually white with a different color near the eyes and on the back near the tail. Body weight ranges from 0.5 to a kilogram. Representatives of this breed get along well with children and other pets.
- Angora (Angora rabbit) is characterized by long and fluffy hair, in which it is difficult to see the muzzle and legs. Such a lump requires regular combing and haircuts to make the fur beautiful and shiny. Angora’s ears are straight, about 6 cm, the body is slightly oval with small paws and a tail.
- The fox dwarf rabbit is so called due to the outward resemblance to the fox. By weight, they reach 1.5 kilograms. Their coat is long, due to which the neck is almost invisible, and it seems that the body immediately follows the head.
- The ram is characterized by drooping ears. This breed is considered the most popular for home maintenance, because in comparison with other breeds, sheep are not shy and get used to living conditions faster. Experts say this is due to hearing loss due to sagging ears. By weight, the rams are quite large, up to 2.5-3 kilograms. The head has a wide forehead. The coat is thick, it can be of different colors. In care and nutrition, fold sheep are not picky.
- The pygmy rodent is characterized by dark paws and a tail. The eyes are usually red. The fur on the body is white, medium long. The spots on the legs are blue, black, ashen or brown.
- Garmelin is a breed popular in the west. In our area it is very difficult to find such a rabbit. Its color is snowy white, its eyes are blue, and red is very rare. The animal is miniature from 800 to 1000 grams. It looks like a cute stuffed toy.
- Squirrel rabbit is really a trip to a squirrel. He is small, of a red color with a proportional and graceful physique. The weight of an adult reaches up to 3.5-4 kilograms. The breed is highly fertile.
In addition to those described, there are many different breeds of rabbits, weighing from 500 grams to 5 kilograms, but these are the most common, which breeders choose.
The cell should be chosen depending on the breed of the animal that will live in it.
For dwarf breeds, no more than a kilogram of weight, small designs are suitable, but for larger ones, larger cells are needed.
Given the fact that there are very delicate pads on the ears of the eared ears, the bottom should be solid, preferably plastic, the grille is prohibited.
In home-made cages, a wooden bottom is allowed, but it should be considered if the baby urinates on it. That wood absorbs the smell of urine, which is very difficult to get rid of later.
The cage must be equipped in accordance with certain rules:
- The grain and dry feed feeder should be small in size. It can be attached to the side of the pallet or just stand (but the rabbits can constantly turn it over).
- A nursery for grass and hay, which is an integral part of the diet of a domestic rabbit.
- Mounted drinking bowl.
- House for privacy. Rabbits are often subjected to stress and fright, so they need a place where they will retire and relax. This house is desirable to build or purchase from natural wood, without paint or varnish.
- A tray in which the rabbit will celebrate its need.
The tray can be placed outside the cage only if the rabbit (like a cat) is accustomed to it and relieves the need exclusively there. Cat litter should not be poured into a rabbit’s toilet, as he will gnaw at it. It is best to use pressed sawdust.
It is possible and shavings, only the rabbit will scatter it and rake its paws. To facilitate cleaning the tray. It is recommended to lay paper under the sawdust to the very bottom, because wet sawdust are compressed and stick to the bottom. Well, it is important to constantly wash and clean it, as rabbits love cleanliness.
The bedding must be constantly changed and monitored for cleanliness. The bottom should not be slippery, as this is fraught with injuries and deformation of the legs.
It is recommended to wash the cage and all contents in it once a week with a solution of potassium permanganate for safety and disinfection. If possible, then the feeders and trays should be dried under sunlight, and not wiped with rags.
To make the rabbit comfortable, you need to create appropriate conditions for him. To do this, follow the rules:
- the cage needs to be installed in a place where there is no draft
- litter at the bottom of at least three centimeters so that the beast does not trample the paws
- so that the animal does not turn over the feeder, it must be suspended or a model made of ceramics that will be heavy
- daily you need to change the water and monitor its presence, in addition to clean water, you can give a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a decoction of herbs
- so that there is no extraneous smell in the apartment, you need to regularly wash the cage and remove the tray
- releasing a rabbit for a walk around the apartment, you need to remove shoes, wires, all that he can chew
- it is forbidden to use household chemicals to clean the cage, this can poison the pet
- to make the pet comfortable, the cage should be 4 times the size of the rabbit
- you must sometimes let the baby run around the apartment
- from time to time you need to bathe the animal, clean its ears, grind its teeth
- you need to buy a pideruderka and periodically comb out the wool so that it does not roll and does not form tangles
- it is important to follow the vaccination schedule and do them in a timely manner, in order to avoid infections
If you follow all these rules and organize high-quality leisure, attentive care, delicious food and interesting pastime for a decorative rabbit, he will love the owner and will be affectionate and devoted with him.
The very first thing that a beginner rabbit breeder should take into account and remember: rabbits are not rodents.
These animals are hare-like, so you should not feed them like chinchillas, hamsters and guinea pigs.
The nutrition of decorative rabbits should be treated responsibly and very carefully, as they have weak stomachs.
The basis of the diet should be the following components:
Rabbits are very fond of different "snacks", so from time to time it needs to be pampered with crackers, vegetables and fruits. But keep in mind that not all vegetables and fruits can be given to rabbits. So, under the strict ban, the following products:
- Cabbage. It is a stereotype that hares love cabbage. Maybe, of course, they love her, but purposefully giving them it is highly discouraged. It weakens the stomach, causes flatulence and diarrhea.
- Milk products. Protein, of course, is needed for rabbits, but not animal, but vegetable.
- Onions, garlic, eggplant, tomatoes, radishes – these root vegetables and vegetables are too juicy, which can cause indigestion.
- Exotic fruits (figs, mangoes, avocados, pineapples) – banned;
- some cereals – rice, millet, millet.
- Ready-made cereals, especially with butter or seasonings.
- Flour – bread, cakes, pastries. An exception may be crackers or drying.
It is important to follow the rabbit’s diet, because most of the diseases that occur in these animals are associated with malnutrition and a lack of certain nutrients in the body.
Walking around the apartment and on the street
A very important point for the care and maintenance of decorative rabbits at home is walking.
The animal cannot stay in the cage all the time; it needs movement.
He needs to be let out for a walk around the apartment, put out on the street, on the grass.
Some rabbit breeders constantly keep rabbits out of the cage, and close only at night.
At least half an hour a day, the baby needs to walk. Before you let your pet out of the cage, you need to prepare a room. We need to remove plants that he can nibble, wires, shoes, chemicals and other unsafe objects.
For walks, one room can be allocated, it is not necessary for the animal to travel throughout the apartment.
During walks, the cage should be open so that the rabbit can run into it “on business” or eat / drink. In addition to the apartment, the rabbit needs fresh air and walks on the street are welcome. It is important to choose a place where to walk with your pet. There should not be garbage, poisonous plants.
It is also not recommended to walk the rabbit to the will of the road, since all the grass there is covered with dust. It’s better not to go to the playgrounds either. Children will be interested in touching, stroking the "bunny" and they can scare the pet.
After walking on the street, the animal needs to be bought and thoroughly inspected for ticks.
One cannot say for sure whether decorative rabbits like to swim or not.
It all depends on how successful the first swim will be.
If the rabbit is frightened, then all further bathing will be stressful for both the pet and the owners.
If everything goes well, then the rabbit will fall in love with water, and will gladly give in to all hygiene procedures.
The basic rules for bathing a decorative rabbit:
This can be done, but is not recommended:
- Firstly, the hair dryer makes loud noises and can scare the animal.
- Secondly, a hot stream of air can be applied to the delicate skin of a rabbit to burn.
- Thirdly, dry air negatively affects the condition of the coat.
Reviews of owners of decorative rabbits indicate that if everything is done correctly and accurately, the eared one will love swimming and will look forward to it.
Disease and Vaccination
Rabbits are exposed to many diseases. They are not resistant to infections, therefore it is recommended to be vaccinated from birth.
Often animals suffer from stomatitis, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, rhinitis, myxomatosis.
Often there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
In this case, the microflora of the stomach are disturbed and bloating, diarrhea or constipation occurs.
There is a vaccine for many diseases.
Usually vaccinations are divided into mandatory and optional. Vaccinations are required against rabies, salmonellosis, HBV and myxomatosis.
As a prevention, several times a year, it is necessary to carry out measures against worms.
If the rabbit began to behave differently, refuses to eat or there are external signs of the disease, you must definitely go to the veterinarian.
More information about caring for decorative rabbits is presented in the video:
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