Rabbits are extremely susceptible to various diseases that quickly become widespread. And since most diseases of rabbits suggest a high mortality rate, it is important to prevent their development in a timely manner. And the main preventive measure in this regard is a comprehensive vaccination for rabbits.
What rabbits are vaccinated against
Like any other living thing, rabbits tend to get sick. The infection enters the tissues of the animal through the digestive system with food, airborne droplets from other rabbits, through the inventory used to care for livestock. Also, diseases are transmitted by insects and various rodents.
The most common diseases of a viral nature that rabbit farm owners most often encounter are:
- Hemorrhagic rabbit disease (HBV).
Both ailments are dangerous in that they are exposed to all age and physiological groups of rabbits. In addition, a disease that is ingrained in the body is extremely poorly treatable and at the same time implies mortality in almost 100% of cases. That is why vaccinating rabbit stock from such viruses is imperative.
Also often ordinary and decorative rabbits suffer from diseases such as:
Moreover, each of the diseases suggests its own type of vaccine. As a rule, mono vaccines designed to combat or prevent a specific disease are used to prevent them. But in some cases it is allowed to use a complex vaccine for rabbits, which develops immunity in the body from several types of infection at once.
Vaccination of a rabbit with a monovaccine
Types of complex vaccines and their features
As already noted, all existing vaccines for rabbits (as for other domestic animals) are divided into single vaccines and complex ones. At the same time, a comprehensive vaccination for rabbits also has several varieties. So it involves a division into:
- Divalent. It is used for simultaneous vaccination against two specific diseases.
- Polyvalent. Immunity is produced immediately from 3-5 diseases.
Both types of drugs are relatively easily tolerated by animals and do not suggest strong side effects. In addition, the purchase of two or trivalent vaccines is much cheaper than the purchase of several monovaccines.
Also, depending on the material used, all vaccines are conditionally divided into:
- Alive. The composition includes live infectious agents in small quantities. The body reacts to them more sharply. But, in contrast, immunity to the disease develops faster.
- Inactivated. In such vaccinations, the infection is no longer a danger and almost completely loses its properties. Rabbits do not experience vaccination so hard. Immunity develops longer, but also lasts a longer period of time.
Popular vaccines for rabbits
Of all the combinations of complex vaccinations, the most common are divalent from myxomatosis and hemorrhagic disease. The most popular drugs in this regard are:
- "Rabbivak V", which is produced in Russia;
- "Pistorin Mormyx", Czech production;
- Lapimun Gemiks, the production of which is carried out in Ukraine.
The medicine “Nobivak Myxo-RHD” is also in demand among breeders. It is produced by one of the branches of the Dutch pharmaceutical company MSD Animal Health, which is located in Russia.
These drugs are sold in packages that include two bottles. Before use, the contents of each of them are mixed and only after that animals are introduced.
Immunization of rabbits against colibacteriosis, salmonellosis, Klebsiosis and other diseases of a bacterial nature is carried out through the vaccine "OKZ vaccine". This inactivated vaccine creates a stable and lasting immunity to the causative agents of these diseases.
But when using such funds, it is worth remembering that each of the vaccinations does not imply one hundred percent prevention of the development of the disease. It only helps to enhance the immune response of the animal, thereby significantly increasing its protection and the effectiveness of the fight against infection.
What should I look for when vaccinating?
The selected product must be purchased exclusively at specialized veterinary pharmacies. The use of compounds purchased in other organizations is not allowed, as they can not only be useless, but also cause serious harm to the animal.
The tool must be bought exclusively at veterinary pharmacies
It is also worth remembering that any vaccine is administered only to a healthy livestock. Therefore, before implementing the procedure, it is necessary:
- To treat the animal from worms and other parasites. Helminths greatly weaken the wearer’s body, and vaccine management can only exacerbate the situation. Therefore, animals are given a deworming course at least a week before the estimated vaccination date. An exception is allowed only if planned deworming was carried out 2-3 months before.
- Observe wildlife for 1-3 days. Particular attention should be paid to signs of health problems. In the presence of depression, changes in color and density of feces, diarrhea, deterioration in the quality of the coat, vaccination is not recommended.
Do not vaccinate even if the body temperature of the animal in the rectum is outside the range of 38.5-39.5 degrees. In this case, they first look for the cause of such manifestations, eliminate it, and only after that administer the drug.
Attention! It is not recommended to vaccinate rabbits that feel unwell after being transported from another farm. It is better to hold such an animal for some time in isolation until it gains strength.
Self-realization of vaccination
It is recommended that a complex vaccine be administered to an experienced veterinarian. If a decorative crawl lives at home, then, having bought the medicine, it is simply taken to a specialist. If there is a large number of rabbits, the veterinarian is often called to the house. But if the farm is too far from the nearest veterinary center, you can get the vaccine yourself. But at the same time adhere to the following rules:
- The necessary composition is purchased only from trusted suppliers. At the same time, the expiration date, the corresponding quality certificate and the absence of traces of damage to the packaging and the bottles themselves are checked.
- Before the procedure, be sure to study the details of the instructions for use, which comes with the drug. Dosages of the active substance are selected either in accordance with the instructions, or based on the recommendations of a veterinarian.
- If the composition is sold in powder form, then it is pre-diluted with distilled water. If the kit also comes with a pre-prepared diluent, it is better to use it. It is important to take into account the ratio indicated in the insert.
- If a disposable syringe is used in the process, then it is replaced with a new one after each injection. The syringe is used without restrictions.
- After the tightness of the factory packaging of the vaccine was broken, its use is allowed only for 2-3 hours. In the future, its properties are quickly lost.
- Do not vaccinate if the air temperature in the street exceeds 28 degrees. Animals can feel bad at the same time.
Self-vaccination of a rabbit
The procedure for administering the drug is carried out according to this scheme:
- The first injection is carried out when the rabbit is 1.5 months old.
- The second injection of the drug is realized when he reaches the age of 4.5 months.
- Subsequently, vaccination is repeated every 12 months. That is how long the immunity that the vaccine provides has been functioning. It is advisable to give an injection in early spring, when the body of the animal is most susceptible to the disease.
An injection is made into the auricle, withers or thigh. Before administration, the skin on a selected area of the body is thoroughly treated with alcohol. The vaccine is administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously. The specific method is chosen in accordance with the recommendations of the instructions. In case of side effects in one or several animals, it is better to stop vaccination and consult a specialist. At the end of the procedure, injected rabbits should be isolated for 12-14 days from the rest of the livestock. So much time is needed for the formation of immunity.
Attention! Be sure to also adhere to the storage conditions of the vaccine. It is stored and transported only at a temperature of 2 to 8 degrees. Freezing or exceeding the indicated values leads to the loss of the drug by its properties.
A comprehensive vaccine for rabbits can prevent a number of viral and bacterial diseases that are characteristic of this type of fur animals. In addition, one drug forms an immune defense against several ailments at once, which greatly simplifies and cheapens the vaccination process. But when using such formulations, the dosages and recommendations for use should be clearly adhered to.