Dwarf rabbits, care and their content are slightly different from those of ordinary rabbit breeds. The breed of dwarf rabbits was bred in the UK by crossing an ordinary rabbit with different breeds and is considered decorative. To date, more than two hundred breeds of decorative rabbits have been bred in the world, which are used as pets instead of dogs, cats and hamsters. Dwarf rabbits are heat-loving and neat animals of small dimensions, the life expectancy under the right conditions is from three to twelve years, animals feed on vegetation and cereals.
The weight of an adult rabbit is from 700 grams to 4 kilograms, depending on the breed. The length of the body is about 5 centimeters.
The weight of an adult animal is from 700 grams to 4 kilograms, depending on the breed. The body length of the rabbit is about 5 centimeters.
Each species has its own color: red, gray, white, brown, and there are also long-haired, with short hair and with medium hair. The length of the ears determines whether the rabbit belongs to certain breeds; rabbits are: long-eared, with medium and short ears. In rabbits of dwarf breeds, the neck is practically absent, it is densely covered with wool. Dwarf rabbits breed by planting the female in a cage to the male, but not vice versa. Rabbits are fertilized at the age of eight months. A female rabbit carries up to ten babies in one offspring, but with high fruiting, survival is low.
How dwarf rabbits live
The cage for dwarf rabbits is a dimensional structure of 3×4 meters or more, with drinking bowls and houses.
Care for dwarf rabbits is necessary, being attentive to their contents. Before you get a rabbit, you need to prepare a place where he will live. A rabbit is a mink animal, he loves warmth and comfort. As a shelter for the pet are nets and cages.
It does not matter in which constructions animals will grow and reproduce, it is important that the animals’ dwellings are in a warm and comfortable place away from sunlight, drafts, heat and cold.
The optimum temperature for keeping dwarf rabbits is 18-20 degrees.
The optimal temperature for keeping rabbits is 18-20 degrees. The housing of dwarf rabbits must be properly looked after: change bedding on time, add water to drinking bowls, clean inside the net or cage at least once a week. In time, remove half-eaten leftovers of animal food, prevent food from souring in cages and in feeders, remove dirt, waste and other elements of animal life, observe the rules of animal hygiene, brushing wool as it gets dirty, providing medical support for sick animals. It is imperative to fight fleas and ticks because they carry deadly viruses and infections for rabbits.
Bathing rabbits is not necessary, they are clean animals and cope with this task on their own. But if such a need arose, for bathing you need to use a special zoo shampoo or soap. It is possible to comb the wool only in certain cases: if the wool is tangled, if any object is tangled in the wool or after bathing.
Dwarf rabbit food
In order to grow a healthy animal and preserve its longevity, it is necessary to select the right nutrition. The animal has a single-chamber small stomach, in addition, the process of digestion and excretion in the animal occurs very quickly, so the dwarf rabbit can feed up to 30 times a day. In order for the animal to develop and grow correctly, it needs: herbs, fruits, vegetables, cereals, additives.
Food of dwarf rabbits.
- Herbs are dry hay, all dried field herbs, except lavender and peppermint. Clover, nettle, knotweed are well suited, especially for young rabbits after breeding.
- Branches of trees and shrubs: cherry, apple tree, apricot, raspberry, plum, cherry and linden. They perfectly provide the pet’s small organism with useful elements, help to sharpen teeth and claws, fight viral infections in the organisms of small animals. Sprigs must be present in the diet of dwarf rabbits.
- Fruits and vegetables: apples, carrots, cucumbers, boiled potatoes, cabbage and beets. Rabbits should not be given large quantities of fruits and vegetables; small portions should be formed and distributed into several receptions. The remains of an uneaten write should be removed immediately from the net and feeders.
- Grain and cereals: wheat, oats, rye, buckwheat, rice, barley, peas and beans. Cereals and grains are very useful for the digestive system of rabbits, they form a strong skeleton of the animal, make the hair of the animal smooth.
- Nutritional supplements: chalk, grated mineral stones, bone meal. They fill the body with necessary useful substances, prevent skin and hair diseases, restore the gastrointestinal tract.
Diseases of Dwarf Rabbits
Dwarf rabbits carry diseases in the same way as ordinary rabbits, and are susceptible to diseases such as plantar dermatitis, viral infection (contagious cough and runny nose), hemorrhagic disease, pasteurellosis, infectious stomatitis, invasive coccidiosis, myxomatosis, nodular tumors.
Fungal diseases affect the skin of dwarf rabbits.
Decorative dwarf rabbits are very difficult to tolerate diseases, in 90% of cases there is a death. For example, rabbit diseases such as pasteurellosis (infection of the lymphatic system of an animal with infections) and myxomatosis (infection of blood from other animals, fleas and insects) cannot be completely treated. The animal’s activity decreases, appetite disappears, ulcers appear on the body and subcutaneous swelling. If signs of the disease have been noticed, the animal is urgently removed from the rest and disinfected cages, drinking bowls, feeders, work equipment, and human clothing.
Rabbit skin diseases, such as ringworm, infectious stomatitis, are treatable, but only in the early stages of detecting the disease. Disinfection of the animal’s dwelling is carried out at home, but if rabbits get sick at breeding bases, in zoos or in other places where there is a threat to other animals, the case of the disease is reported to the sanitary epidemiological station. After a deep disinfection is carried out and quarantine is declared. Sick animals are sedimented from the rest. Healthy animals are quarantined and observed for 21 days.
Infectious diseases of dwarf rabbits (rhinitis, cough and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract) also respond to treatment in the early stages of detection.
Caring for the dwarf species of rabbits is quite complicated in the early stages, when rabbits are only populated in new conditions, then the process of care becomes easier. It is important to systematically inspect animals for diseases, then you can save the life of such beautiful animals.