Nowadays, in homesteads, rabbits are one of the most beloved pets. In addition to good food and water, they need various additives. Along with tried and tested old supplements, new remedies are now available. All about lactic acid for rabbits, in what form and in what doses to use it, we will tell in this article.
What is it and what is it used for
Lactic acid is a liquid without a clear odor, yellowish in color, sour in taste and soluble in water. It is obtained by fermenting lactose and sugar-containing products with lactic acid bacteria and is effectively used in rabbit breeding as an antimicrobial and anti-fermentation drug. The substance also has an antiseptic effect. It is used both externally or in the form of sprays, and inside. In any proportion, it is mixed with alcohol, water, glycerin and ether. Lactic acid also appears during salting and pickling vegetables, giving them taste, nutrition and protecting against rot. Also, the drug is freely used in the creation of food products, even for children.
The drug is used quite widely, as a corrector of productivity. If you follow the instructions for use and the correct dosage of side effects on rabbits, it does not. When lactic acid is added to food for rabbits, the digestive system of pets is strengthened, food is absorbed better and faster, and the negative impact of eating roughage is reduced. It is noted that in rabbits, after internal use of the drug, sexual activity improves. Also, they disinfect the air environment of rabbitry and the premises adjacent to them.
In rabbits metabolism, lactic acid serves as a natural metabolite and is absorbed by the body without a trace, adding energy to it. All of the above properties have made the drug in recent decades very popular in animal husbandry. Additionally, acid-based products are used to destroy microbes in the feed, which stabilizes the load on the immune system. As a result, the productivity of the entire farm increases, animals grow faster and the daily gain in live weight increases.
Dosage and administration
Farmers use lactic acid in different ways: give the rabbits inside in feed or drinking water, wipe household equipment, burn wounds and growths on the skin, spray rabbitry for prevention or for illnesses.
Before internal use, lactic acid is diluted in water to the required proportions. For rabbits, it is: with a 2% solution per pet 4.0-7.5 ml, with a 3% 3-5 ml.
Inside, rabbits are prescribed to give a solution for diseases of enteritis, gastritis, trichomoniasis and coccidiosis. Drinking the drug is useful for bloating or intestines, with acute flatulence. Farmers recommend giving young rabbits a little lactic acid solution at the age of 45 days to prevent coccidia after precipitation from the mother. 2 tablespoons of acid must be diluted in 10 liters of water and poured into drinkers. Such prophylaxis for rabbits of any age will not be superfluous. With a strong flatulence, the solution must be diluted to 5%, give it in doses of 4 ml per animal. Fermentation during tympanum in animals is also removed with a 5% solution. Acid, in addition, relaxes the intestinal and gastric sphincters, inhibits the growth of pathogenic microflora. The formation of harmful organic decomposition products is reduced.
Experienced farmers are advised to use a solution of lactic acid in the ratio of 0.5 ml per kilogram of feed to disinfect the feed. How much should be the concentration in water, everyone decides for himself: from 1 to 4%.
The ratio of branded drug to water for various external diseases:
- 10-40% with ulcers of the mucous membranes and skin;
- 20-25% for cauterization of neoplasms, keratinization;
- 10-30% for cauterization of corns and warts;
- as a keratolytic agent for various dermatoses, a 10% solution is needed.
Breeders disinfect the preparation of utility rooms and auxiliary equipment. Numerous microbiological studies have shown that when spraying the surface of fresh rabbit meat and semi-finished meat products with a solution of lactic acid, the number of bacteria and the speed of their reproduction decreases. If the carcasses of slaughtered rabbits need to be stored for a long time, the solution of the drug will suppress the growth of microflora, while not degrading the taste and color indicators of meat. For mass diseases, it is recommended to spray in rabbitry a solution of 2 tbsp. l for 10 liters of water. After the elimination of diseases, a final disinfection is carried out, before quarantine is lifted.
Disinfect utility rooms for half an hour. After spraying the drug rabbitry must be ventilated, and the feeders with drinking bowls should be washed from excess acid. In sheds and cages, rabbit breeders spray once a year. The disinfection of cells for the uterus is done 10 days before the scrolling and immediately after the progeny are deposited. After planting young animals in common cells, they also need to be sprayed. The advantage of the drug is that farmers can apply the aerosol method without removing animals from rabbitry.
In practice, at home, there are two methods of aerosolization with lactic acid. First: 20% acid in the above displacement is sprayed without dilution using various industrial aerosol generators or air humidifiers. For small farmsteads, the second method will be more convenient – the conversion of lactic acid into a gaseous state by heating and simply mixing the air with a fan.